Walnuts, soybean may prevent diabetes risk

Eating unsaturated fats like walnuts and soybean in place of dietary carb can lowers blood sugar level and enhance in the prevention and control of type-2 diabetes, based on a new study. The study provides evidence for the effects of dietary fats and carbohydrate on several other metrics linked to type 2 diabetes and the regulation of insulin and glucose levels. “Our findings support preventing and treating these ailments by eating more fat-rich foods like walnuts, sunflower seeds, soybeans, flaxseed, fish, and other vegetable oils and spreads, in place of processed grains, starches, sugars, and animal fats,” said Dariush Mozaffarian, Researcher, Tufts University in the study printed in the journal PLOS Medicine.

The researchers performed the first systematic assessment of available evidence from trials to quantify the effects of different types of dietary fat (saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated) and carbohydrate on key biological markers of glucose and insulin control that are linked to development of type 2 diabetes. The researchers summarised findings from 102 randomised controlled trials, including a total of 4,660 adult participants, which provided meals that varied in the kinds and numbers of fat and carbohydrate.

 

They subsequently evaluated such variations in diet influenced measures of metabolic health, including susceptibility, blood insulin, insulin resistance and blood sugar and skill to create insulin in response. The researchers found that exchanging dietary carbohydrate or saturated fat with a diet rich in monounsaturated fat or polyunsaturated fat had a favorable effect on key mark of blood glucose control. “Among different fats, the most consistent advantages were seen for increasing polyunsaturated fats, in place of either carbohydrates or saturated fat,” said Fumiaki Imamura, Researcher, University of Cambridge. Get complete details at diabetes forums

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